The analysis of ancient DNA (aDNA) brings together the various disciplines of archaeology, physical anthropology and molecular biology. The genome analysis of ancient discoveries allows the possibility of gaining insights into the genetics and history of populations and of investigating the origin and development of ancient diseases. Since ancient DNA is often in a degraded state, the laboratory has special procedures for handling samples as well as for extracting and analysing DNA. Sample preparation, DNA extraction, and library preparation for high-throughput sequencing all take place in a separate laboratory space for antique DNA. To avoid cross-contamination, the subsequent molecular and histological analyses are performed in an isolated post-PCR area.
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